What does a financial analyst do?

What does a financial analyst do?

Who has never dreamed of reading a crystal ball to anticipate the stock market performance of companies and make lucrative investments? If no such ball exists, the job of financial analyst is very similar in its mission. A true financial detective, the analyst x-rays listed companies to assess their potential one step in advance. Shadow work essential to financial markets.

However, this profession remains little known to the general public. Its exact missions, like its necessary skills, remain mysterious.

  • What exactly defines the daily life of a financial analyst?
  • What type of services and customers are its analyzes intended for?
  • And how do you become this stock market sleuth?

So many gray areas that we will clarify in this article to better understand this fascinating profession. Buckle up, we're off to discover the financial analyst!

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✔️ Role and responsibilities a financial analysis

Financial analysts play a vital role in the day-to-day operations of an organization. Has a high level, they research and use financial data to understand the business and the market to see how an organization stacks up.

Based on general economic conditions and internal data, they recommend actions for the company, such as selling stock or making other investments.

Of course, this is only scratching the surface of a financial analyst's responsibilities. Here are some of the more specific tasks these professionals might perform for a business:

Collect and organize information

Whether it's a company's financial reports and historical accounting data, an analyst must know how to find, collect and organize large amounts of information relevant to their business.

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Review financial statements

A company's financial statements contain a wealth of important information for a financial analyst. Using these documents, they are able to determine the value of the organization.

This is one of the most important responsibilities of financial analysts, as this information guides their recommendations and serves as a benchmark for company performance.

Recommend investments

After analyzing all this information, financial analysts make predictions about the market and future performance.

Financial Analyst

This is where they must use their outside knowledge alongside financial calculations to make recommendations to company officials. A financial analyst will create a portfolio full of reports supporting their recommendations.

As you can see, a financial analyst must be prepared to take on a lot of responsibilities. They must conduct financial research and analysis, connect with management teams and company officials, and generate written reports and presentations.

His role is different from that of an accountant who is concerned business finance from an operational point of view, rather than from the overall strategic angle of a financial analyst.

Financial analysts work in a number of different industries, including securities, commodities, contracts, investment banking, and other financial services.

And while the general responsibilities of this role are outlined above, a financial analyst may choose a specialization based on their professional abilities.

Fund Management

These analysts work exclusively with hedge funds or mutual funds shift. They assist management teams and assess their strength to help make investment decisions in line with current market trends.

Portfolio Management

Every organization wants a strong portfolio. This requires the right balance of products, services, industries and regions of the world to invest in, thus contributing to the longevity and success of their business.

Financial analysts use their expertise to analyze market and trade data to recommend a positive investment strategy and measure results.

Rating analysis

This niche analysis aims to guide companies or government agencies through the best strategies to repay debts, like bonds. These analysts are heavily involved in understanding a company's debts and the risk involved if it were unable to repay them. Here is how to get rid of your debt very quickly.

Risk analyzes

As the title suggests, a financial risk analyst assesses the company's financial strategy to locate potential sources of loss. However, unlike the previous role, these analysts aim to reduce the risk of financial investments and maximize profits.

As with any position, the specific day-to-day duties of a financial analyst also depend on their level of experience. For example, an entry-level analyst is likely a new hire with at least a bachelor's degree in finance or economics and some industry experience.

A junior analyst works as part of a larger team and deals primarily with administrative tasks. It does, however, require great attention to detail, as they may be responsible for reviewing reports, entering data, and performing in-depth market analysis.

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A senior financial analyst, meanwhile, takes a more active role in building a financial model, forecasting trends and making trade recommendations.

This is because they may have a master's degree with a discipline in finance and more years of experience in the industry or with the company itself. They typically lead a team of analysts and manage workflows to ensure reports and recommendations are ready when business leaders need them.

✔️ Work environment and remuneration from a financial analyst

During your professional career, finding a work environment that matches your expectations is just as important as finding a job that matches your skills and interests.

As mentioned earlier, one of the benefits of being a financial analyst is that your expertise is sought after by various industries and employers. For the most part, however, you can expect to work in an office environment.

Some of the most common industries in which financial analysts work are:

The banks

Local banks and major financial institutions all know that risk exists in their industry. This is why they are the largest employers of financial analysts.

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They use their expertise and skills to help assess credit risk, among other services. Additionally, they help banks identify new investment opportunities.

The insurance

Another industry that includes risk is insurancee. Financial analysts in this industry can help companies screen candidates and evaluate claims.

By assembling accurate cash flow models and generating market trend reports, they help insurers manage their risk and provide customers with the right policies.


As mentioned earlier, investing is a particularly popular niche for financial analysts. Investment banking requires the skills of an analyst to understand market trends to help institutions make strategic decisions.

Their recommendations and advice stimulate investments for the future. This is a more flexible career path, as financial analysts can work as independent advisors or for a consulting firm.


Almost all businesses rely on the skills of financial advisors. An experienced analyst can assess an organization's financial performance and advise on everything from operational changes to product launches.

In this role, analysts typically prepare reports and present their recommendations on financial matters to management.

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Government agencies also constantly need financial analysts, especially those who specialize in macroeconomics. Professionals in these positions assist government investments by analyzing economic data and trends.

What makes this niche unique is that analysts can sometimes be called upon to identify fraud and other criminal activity.

It is also possible to travel in this role, especially for analysts working for banks and insurance companies. Often, these positions require the visit of potential investors for an on-site evaluation. In-person observation helps the analyst better understand the potential risks involved.

Financial Analyst

The salary of a financial analyst varies depending on their experience, education and the country where they work. As with many other positions, there is a clear correlation between more experience and higher pay.

✔️How to Become a Financial Analyst

Now that you know what a career as a financial analyst entails, you may be wondering what skills are needed for this position? Obviously you need solid skills to start this career. Do certifications and obtain appropriate diplomas, a degree in finance for example.

If you want to become a financial analyst, you need to consider your education. Many companies will seek a degree in accounting, finance, or another related field (like economics).

Other opportunities, such as an internship or experiential learning, may also be useful for a junior financial analyst looking for their first professional position.

Many employers prefer or require their applicants to have a graduate degree. Which means a Masters in Business Administration program at least should be your next step.

The best way to prepare for a career as a financial analyst is to earn an advanced degree, such as an MBA.

✔️Intangible skills of a financial analyst

A financial analyst is expected to collaborate with many people in the business, so it is important to have these soft skills:

communication skills

Financial analysts work on complex topics that many other managers and executives may not understand. They must be able to translate their work and recommendations to other teams in a way they can understand.

Likewise, they should know how to send concise emails and make phone calls to discuss important financial information.

Interpersonal skills

These skills differ from communication as they focus more on working relationships.

Since analysts must work within a team, they must know how to collaborate effectively and understand the non-verbal cues that naturally arise during a meeting or conversation.

Presentation skills

After drawing conclusions about the future of a market, a financial analyst will need to present their views to business leaders or their clients. This usually involves creating a presentation filled with their findings.

It is important for an analyst to know how to create engaging presentations with a balance of visuals, text, and verbal cues that get their point across in a concise manner.

Organizational ability

Another soft skill a financial analyst must possess is organization. They will be presented with vast amounts of disjointed data that they will need to sift through to determine what is important to their predictions.

From there, an analyst will need to know how to organize the information so that it can be used and shared with other stakeholders.

Problems solving

Finally, financial analysts must use their technical skills and intuition to solve problems. It takes critical thinking to turn the insights they derive from data and analysis into action in the form of evidence-based decisions.

✔️ Material skills of a financial analyst

Along with these intangible skills, a financial analyst must have a concrete understanding of the following abilities:


Although financial analysts differ from accounting professionals, they are still advised to understand some of the basics. They must master the financial statements, because these documents allow them to assess the financial health of the company.

Strong financial literacy

Similarly, an analyst in this role must be able to correctly decipher financial information.

He must be able to read financial reports to better understand the investment market. In addition, they must be familiar with the financial jargon and the processes specific to this field. In short, he must have financial education solid.

Financial Analyst

High analytical capacity

Analytical skills are a core skill of a financial analyst. The analysis must be able to make accurate predictions from the financial data.

He must also be able to identify and solve financial problems. Knowing how to use analysis tools is also important and can help improve their productivity.

Do research

Conducting research is one of the primary responsibilities of this position. An analyst must know how to conduct his research effectively and efficiently find the information he needs.

While it may be easier to obtain a company's historical information, it will also need to search for additional data in databases and other third-party reports.

Written reports

The last notable skill you need to be a financial analyst is strong writing skills. Although numbers guide an analyst's recommendations, the analyst must be able to write reports and translate the information into written form for others in the company.

✔️ Closing

At the end of our exploration, the profession of financial analyst definitely no longer holds any secrets for you! We shed light on its company investigation missions, the resulting production of investment recommendations, and the detailed skills required.

Certainly, this job requires an appetite for numbers and a taste for deciphering complex information. But analysts also benefit from permanent intellectual stimulation and a high-level professional environment at the heart of finance. Enough to excite the most brilliant and curious minds!

So, tempted by the adventure of donning the costume of a financial analyst? All you have to do is sharpen your analytical skills, polish your Excel skills, and off you go to reveal to investors the stock market gems of tomorrow! Happy investigating!

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