Ukuzisebenzela eSenegal

21 septembre 2023 par UFaustin Djoufouet

Bayanda abantu baseSenegal abaqalisayo i-adventure yoshishino, belukuhlwe ngamathemba okuzimela geqe kunye nomnqweno wokufuna ukuphila ngeminqweno yabo. Kodwa ukudala ishishini lemveli ihlala imele utyalo-mali lwemali kunye nolawulo, olunokuthi luthomalalise ngokukhawuleza umdlandla. Kungenxa yoko le nto imeko yokuzenzela eSenegal idibana Impumelelo enkulu phakathi kweenkokeli zeeprojekthi ezizimeleyo.

Ngeendlela zayo zokudala ezenziwe lula, zayo iindleko ezincitshisiweyo kunye nolawulo olulula, ukuzisebenzela kwenza isango elifikelelekayo kwishishini laseSenegal. Imisebenzi yezandla, amashishini amancinci, iinkonzo zomntu ... kukho amacandelo ahlukeneyo okwenza ishishini ngokwakho.

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Injongo yeli nqaku kukubonelela ngesikhokelo esisebenzayo esipheleleyo sokuxhasa ekudaleni ishishini lakho eSenegal.

Uya kufumana lonke ulwazi oluyimfuneko apho: iimeko zokuzisebenzela, iinkqubo zolawulo, imisebenzi efanelekileyo, irhafu kunye nesimo sentlalontle, uphuhliso lwesicwangciso soshishino, iingcebiso zokuqalisa kakuhle ... Kodwa ngaphambi kokuba uqale, nantsi Ulenza njani ishishini lakho kwi-Intanethi

Yintoni isimo sokuzisebenza?

Ulawulo lokuzisebenzela lwenziwa ngo-2008 eSenegal ukuququzelela ishishini lomntu ngamnye.

Esi sisimo esilula somthetho, irhafu kunye nentlalo esenza kube lula kakhulu ukwenza ishishini lakho elincinci. Ngokungafaniyo neenkampani zemveli, akukho mali incinci ukuzisa.

Inqaku eliza kufundwa: Indlela yokuhlalutya inzuzo yepropati erentwayo

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Iinzuzo zokuzisebenzela kwisakhelo esiguquguqukayo esinemigaqo emincinci yokudala. Yi isisombululo esifanelekileyo ukukhawuleza uqalise njenge-freelancer ngokwakho.

Ziziphi iimeko zokuzisebenzela eSenegal?

Ukuze ukwazi ukuzisebenza kufuneka uhlangabezane nale miqathango ilandelayo:

  • Ukuba mdala (ngaphezu kwe-18 iminyaka)
  • Uhlala eSenegal
  • Yiba ngummi waseSenegal okanye ube nemvume yokuhlala esemthethweni
  • Awunayo ingxelo yolwaphulo-mthetho
  • Khetha umsebenzi worhwebo ogunyazisiweyo
  • Bhalisa kwaye wenze isibhengezo serhafu esilula

Akukho mfuneko yesiqinisekiso okanye amava omsebenzi. Ukuzithengisa kuvuleleke kumntu wonke!

Zeziphi izinto onokuzenza njengomntu ozisebenzelayo?

Umntu oziqeshileyo unokhetho phakathi kweentlobo ezimbini eziphambili zomsebenzi:

1. Imisebenzi yorhwebo

Umntu oziqeshileyo unokhetho phakathi koluhlu olubanzi lwemisebenzi yorhwebo ukuze qala ngokwakho. Le misebenzi ibandakanya ikakhulu ukuthengiswa kwezinto eziphathekayo kunye nentengiso.

Enye yezona zikhetho eziqhelekileyo kukuthengiswa kwesitrato seemveliso zokutya okanye ukutya okuphekiweyo. Oosomashishini abaninzi abazimeleyo banikezela oku kwiimarike okanye kwisitrato se ukutya, iziqhamo kunye nemifuno, intlanzi, iziselo... Lo msebenzi ufuna utyalo-mali olulinganiselwe kwaye ikuvumela ukuba uqalise ngokukhawuleza, kunye nomxhasi olungeleyo.

Inqaku eliza kufundwa: Thenga izindlu nezindlu ezintsha okanye ezindala ❓

Enye into enokwenzeka kukuvulwa kwe-a ishishini elincinci lendawo : ivenkile yegrosari, ivenkile yehardware, ivenkile yempahla okanye yezixhobo, njl.njl. Umntu oziqeshileyo wenza istokhwe seemveliso ezahlukeneyo ukuze azithengise. Kodwa olu khetho ifuna ukuba neendawo ezifanelekileyo.

Kwicandelo lezobugcisa, ukuthengiswa kweemveliso ezenziwe kweli lizwe (iisepha, iibhalms, iisyrups, njl. njl.) okanye izinto zobugcisa (izacholo, imisebenzi yobugcisa, izinto ezenziwe ngodongwe...) yindawo ekhulayo, ngakumbi phakathi kwabakhenkethi.

Ukuzisebenzela kwenza kube lula ukuseka amashishini amancinci, akhethekileyo ngakumbi njengevenkile yezacholo, ivenkile yokulungisa izihlangu okanye ukuthengiswa kwezixhobo zemoto. Kwakhona, kungcono ukuba nolwazi kwintsimi ekhethiweyo.

Amathuba ke ngoko ayahluka kurhwebo kurhwebo lwasekhaya. Kuxhomekeke kuye wonke umntu ukuba akhethe i-niche efanelekileyo kakhulu kwizakhono zabo, igalelo labo lezemali kunye nabathengi basekhaya ekujoliswe kubo.

2. Imisebenzi yezandla

Isikhundla sokuzisebenza sikwakwenza kube lula ukubandakanyeka kwizinto ezininzi ezahlukeneyo zemisebenzi yezandla, ukubiza ulwazi kunye ukwenziwa ngezandla.

Imisebenzi yobugcisa efana nokukrola, izinto ezenziwe ngodongwe, ukwenziwa kwemithi, ufele okanye amalaphu zimele icandelo elikhulayo, ngakumbi phakathi kwabathengi abakhenkethi. Umntu oziqeshileyo unokudala izinto ezizodwa kunye nezangaphambili.

Inqaku elifundwayo: Ii-NFTs zokunyusa umvuzo wakho we-intanethi 

Iinkonzo zomntu (ukulungisa iinwele, ubuhle, ukuthunga, njl. njl.) nazo ziyintsimi ethandwayo yomsebenzi wokuziqesha. Bahlala befuna utyalo-mali oluncinci lokuqala kwaye baxhomekeke kwizakhono zengcibi.

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ibhonasi : de €1950 + 150 free spin
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🎁 Ikhowudi yokuthengisa : 200euros
ibhonasi : de €1500 + 150 free spin
💸 Uluhlu olubanzi lwemidlalo yekhasino
🎁 Ikhowudi yokuthengisa : 200euros
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ICatering ikwangomnye wemisebenzi yezandla exatyiswa ngabantu abazisebenzelayo: izidlo ezithathwayo, iilori zokutya, abatyayo, njl njl. Kodwa lo msebenzi ufuna ukuthotyelwa kwemigangatho engqongqo yezempilo.

Urhwebo lokwakha olufana nokwakha, ukuchwela, ukupeyinta, umbane okanye imibhobho yamanzi kuyafikeleleka ukuba uneCAP ebaleni. Oku kuvula amathuba abalulekileyo emsebenzini kunye nokuhlaziya.

Zeziphi iinkqubo zolawulo ekudaleni?

Ukwenziwa kweshishini elizimeleyo eSenegal ilula kakhulu kwaye ikhawuleza. Nazi iinkqubo zolawulo ekufuneka zenziwe:

1. Khetha igama kunye nobume bomthetho

Ihamba ngesandla. Igama kufuneka liphele ngo "Umntu ngamnye ukuzisebenzela” okanye “AEI”.

umzekelo : Amadou umntu oziqeshileyo

2. Chaza umsebenzi

Oku kubandakanya ukukhetha ngokuchanekileyo icandelo lomsebenzi kwi-nomenclature of professionals. Olu luhlu luya kugqiba irhafu kunye nenkqubo yentlalo.

3. Bhalisa kwiRejista yoRhwebo kunye noKhuseleko (RCCM)

Le nkqubo inyanzelekileyo kufuneka yenziwe kwi Iziko loBulungisa boShishino (CFE). Uyafuna ukubhaliswa kwerhafu kunye nokuzibandakanya nenkqubo yokhuseleko loluntu.

4. Thatha i-inshurensi yemfanelo yobungcali

Le inshorensi ikhusela umonakalo onokuwenza ngexesha lomsebenzi wakho. Kunyanzelekile. nantsi uhlobo lweakhawunti yebhanki ongayenza ukuba seAfrika.

5. Vula iakhawunti yebhanki yeshishini

Inikezelwe kumsebenzi woshishino kwaye iququzelele ukwahlula ukuhamba komntu kunye nobugcisa.

6. Xela ukuqala komsebenzi

Isibhengezo sokuqalisa komsebenzi kufuneka senziwe ngaphakathi Iintsuku ezingama-8 kulandela ubhaliso kwi-RCCM.

Kwaye unayo, ngamanyathelo ambalwa ungaqalisa ngokusemthethweni ishishini lakho oziqeshileyo!

Ngawaphi amagalelo okhuseleko loluntu kunye nerhafu?

Enye yeenzuzo eziphambili zesimo sokuzisebenza irhafu yayo kunye neentlawulo ezincitshisiweyo.

Iminikelo yoluntu

Abaxhomekekanga kumvuzo wokwenyani kodwa kwipesenti yengeniso:

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ibhonasi : de €2000 + 150 free spin
💸 Uluhlu olubanzi lwemidlalo yekhasino
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  • 3% kwimisebenzi yokuthengisa impahla
  • 6% ngeenkonzo zobugcisa

Le minikelo ibandakanya umhlala-phantsi, ukhuseleko lwentlalontle, ikhefu lokubeleka/utata...akukho ntlawulo yimbi ekufuneka uyihlawule.

Irhafu engenayo

Nalapha, irhafu yenziwa lula ngentlawulo yokugqibela. Itsalwa ngokuzenzekelayo ngexesha elinye njengeminikelo yokhuseleko loluntu nge I-% kwingeniso :

  • 1% ukuthengiswa kwempahla
  • 2% ukulungiselela ukunikezelwa kweenkonzo

Ngoko ke akukho sibhengezo serhafu yonyaka sengeniso ekufuneka yenziwe. Umntu ozisebenzelayo akahlawuliswa iVAT kunye nerhafu yobungcali.

Le nkqubo yerhafu eyenziwe lula kakhulu yonga ixesha nemali eninzi!

Uyichaza njani ingeniso yakho kunye nokuhlawula iindleko zakho?

Iindlela zokunika ingxelo kunye neendlela zokuhlawula nazo zenziwe lula kubantu abaziqeshileyo:

  • La ukubhengezwa kotshintsho kwenziwa ngenyanga okanye ngekota kwifomu ekhethekileyo
  • Le intlawulo yeminikelo yoluntu kwaye irhafu yenziwa ngedebhithi ezenzekelayo
  • La isibhengezo kunye nentlawulo ziqhutywa kwiwebhusayithi autoentrepreneur.urssaf.fr

Ngoko ke akukho zibophelelo ezinzima zokuphendula. Ukubeka iliso kulawulo lwenziwa rhoqo kuxhomekeke kumsebenzi wokwenene.

Ziziphi iingenelo zokuzisebenzela?

Ubume bokuzisebenza buneenzuzo ezininzi ezenza kube lula ukuqalisa kushishino.

Okokuqala, iinkqubo zolawulo zokudala zenziwe lula kakhulu xa kuthelekiswa neshishini lemveli. Amanyathelo ambalwa anele ukuqala ishishini lakho ngokukhawuleza.

Inqaku eliza kufundwa: Uyenza njani iwebhusayithi ukuba iphendule? 

Enye inzuzo, akukho mali incinci ifunekayo ukwenza elakho ishishini. Iindleko zokuqala ke ngoko ziphantsi kakhulu.

Kwicala lerhafu kunye neentlawuliso, ulawulo oluncinci lwentlalo kunye nokunikezelwa kwentlawulo yokugqibela kuncitshiswe iminikelo yobalo-mali kunye nokhuseleko loluntu olubalwe kwingeniso.

Abaziqeshileyo nabo baxhamla kukhuseleko loluntu olubanika amalungelo okungasebenzi, umhlalaphantsi kunye uqeqesho lobungcali.

Ngaphaya koko, kugunyazisiwe ukudibanisa isimo sokuzisebenza kunye nomsebenzi ohlawulwayo, nto leyo eqinisekisa ukutshintshela kwinkululeko.

Okokugqibela, le meko ibonelela ngenkululeko enkulu ekulungiseleleni umsebenzi wakho kunye nokulawula ishedyuli yakho. Iinzuzo ezininzi eziququzelelayo ushishino olulodwa !

Yeyiphi imida okanye ubugwenxa bokuzisebenza?

Nangona kukho iingenelo ezithile, isikhundla sokuzisebenza sikwaneentsilelo ekufuneka uzikhumbule.

Okokuqala, ingeniso yonyaka inqanyulwe 50 yezigidi zeFCFA. Ngaphaya koko, umntu oziqeshileyo kufuneka alungise isimo sakhe.

Ngaphezu koko, akugunyaziswanga ukuqesha abasebenzi, umsebenzi kufuneka uhlale ungumntu.

Ukukhuselwa kwezentlalo kunomda ngakumbi kunabasebenzi, kunye namalungelo alinganiselweyo kwi-inshurensi yezempilo okanye ukungasebenzi, umzekelo.

Inqaku eliza kufundwa: Iimpawu ezi-5 ezibalulekileyo zosomashishini waseAfrika

Iinkqubo zolawulo (irhafu kunye nezibhengezo zezentlalo, ukubalwa kwemali) nazo zibonisa umthwalo obalulekileyo.

Ukongeza, ingeniso iyaguquguquka ngokuxhomekeke kumsebenzi wenyanga kwaye ukuphuma kwinkqubo yokuzimela kunokuba nzima.

Le meko ke ngoko inemida ngokubhekiselele kuphuhliso kwaye ibeka ukungalungi okuthile ukuba kunjalo kubalulekile ukugcina engqondweni.

Umzekelo wesicwangciso soshishino soshishino oluzimeleyo eSenegal

Ukulungiselela ngokufanelekileyo ukuqaliswa kweshishini lakho, kucetyiswa ukuba ubhale isicwangciso soshishino, nokuba lula. Nanku umzekelo wokwenziwa kweshishini leepastry eDakar:

1. Ukunikezelwa kweprojekthi

Igama lam nguAwa kwaye ndifuna ukwenza "Uyolo ka-Awa", umntu oziqeshileyo kwishishini elenza kunye nokuthengisa amaqebengwana asempuma eDakar. Ndithweswe isidanga kwi-pastry, lo msebenzi udibanisa ukuthanda kwam kunye nolwazi lwam.

2. Isifundo semarike

Imarike yepasile yasempuma iyakhula eDakar ngokukhula kokuthandwa kolu hlobo lobumnandi. Ukhuphiswano oluthe ngqo lulinganiselwe. Ndijolise ikakhulu abantu kwiminyhadala yolonwabo.

3. Indawo

Ukuqala, iworkshop yemveliso iya kusekwa ekhayeni lam. Ukuthengisa kuya kwenziwa kusetyenziswa iindawo zokuhanjiswa kumbindi wesixeko kunye nakwiinethiwekhi zentlalo.

4. Ubugcisa kunye nabasebenzi

Xa ndiqala, ndiza kusebenza ndedwa ukunciphisa iindleko. Ndinezixhobo ezifunekayo zasekhitshini. Ndiza kuba phantsi kwekontraka yokuprintwa kwamakhadi oshishino kunye neeflaya.

5. Igalelo lemali lokuqala

Ngesidingo sokuhamba kuqikelelwa kwi-500 F CFA kwizixhobo kunye nezinto ezikrwada, umnikelo wam wobuqu uya kwanela. Utyalo-mali oluphantsi olufunekayo luyahambelana nesimo sam sokuzisebenzela.

6. Uqikelelo lwenguquko

Kunyaka wokuqala, ndithembele kwimbuyekezo ye-1 CFA francs kumndilili kwiinyanga ezili-3 zomsebenzi. Injongo kukuzuza umlinganiselo we 300 F CFA ingeniso ngenyanga.

7. Imingcipheko ephambili

Imingcipheko ephambili echongiweyo lukhuphiswano, iiodolo ezingonelanga kunye nabathengi abangahlawulwayo. Ndiya kugqama ngomgangatho weemveliso zam kunye nelizwi lomlomo.

Ulungiswe kakuhle, esi sicwangciso soshishino siza kusebenza njengemephu yendlela ukuze ndisungule ngokuzolileyo ushishino lwam!

Ngawaphi amanyathelo aphambili okufumana ishishini lakho liqale kakuhle?

Nje ukuba zonke iinkqubo zokudala zigqityiwe, ungawuqala njani umsebenzi wakho? Nanga amanyathelo angundoqo:

1. Yenza uphando lwemarike

Oku kwenza ukuba kuqinisekiswe iimfuno zabathengi, ukuqonda ukhuphiswano kunye nokubeka amaxabiso afanelekileyo.

2. Misela isicwangciso soshishino

Ukuchaza isicwangciso sayo, iinjongo zayo kunye nokucwangcisa iindlela eziyimfuneko kwi-1 unyaka.

3. Lungisa imathiriyeli yakho yokuthengisa

Yenza uphawu lwakho, incwadana yentengiso, ikhadi leshishini ukuphucula umfanekiso wakho webrand.

4. Lungiselela indawo yakho yobungcali

Lungiselela indawo yakho yokusebenza ngendlela esebenzayo ukuze isebenze.

5. Qwalasela ubalo lwakho

Khetha isoftware efanelekileyo yokubala ukulawula ngokulula ii-invoyisi zakho, iikowuti, ingeniso.

6. Fumana ababoneleli bakho

Thelekisa kwaye ukhethe ababoneleli bemathiriyeli ekrwada okanye izixhobo zokunciphisa iindleko.

7. Beka amaxabiso akho okuthengisa

Chaza amaxabiso akho ngokuthathela ingqalelo iindleko zemveliso kunye nomda owaneleyo ukuze ube nengeniso.

8. Ithemba kubathengi bakho bokuqala

Yazisa unikezelo lwakho ebaleni, ngentengiso, iinethiwekhi zentlalo ukuze uzazise.

Ngokulandela la manyathelo, ishishini lakho lokuzenzela liya kuba nalo iziseko eziqinileyo ukuqala ishishini lakho kakuhle!

Zeziphi izitshixo zokuphumelela emsebenzini wokuzisebenzela?

Ukuzinzisa ishishini lobuqu kwixesha elide, izinto ezithile eziphambili kufuneka zihlangatyezwe. Okokuqala, inkuthazo ibalulekile xa ukhetha umsebenzi ohambelana nomdla. Ungqongqo kulawulo lolawulo kunye umgcini zincwadi zemali naye ubalulekile.

Kubalulekile ukuseta iinjongo eziyinyani kwaye ulinganise rhoqo izikhombisi zakho zokusebenza. Indlela yokuthengisa esebenzayo ukuze uzenze ubonakale kubathengi abanokubakho kwakhona sisiqinisekiso sempumelelo.

Inqaku elifundwayo: Iibhanki ezikwi-Intanethi zeengcali kunye nee-SME 

La ukwaneliseka kwabathengi ngomgangatho weemveliso kunye neenkonzo ezinikezelwayo zisebenza njengeyona ntengiso igqwesileyo. Ekugqibeleni, uqeqesho oluqhubekayo, ukulawulwa kweendleko kunye nokuba nenkxaso zizinto ezibalulekileyo kuye nawuphi na umntu oziqeshileyo.

Ngokudibanisa ezi zinto zahlukeneyo, impumelelo ifumaneka!

Ukuququmbela

Enkosi kwesi sikhokelo sipheleleyo, ngoku unawo onke amakhadi esandleni ukuze uqalise ngoxolo lwengqondo. i-adventure yokuzenzela ushishino eSenegal.

Siye saphonononga iingenelo ezininzi zesi simo esifikelelekayo nesinomtsalane: iinkqubo ezilula, irhafu efikelelekayo, ukhetho olubanzi lomsebenzi, ukhuseleko loluntu, njl.

Inqaku eliza kufundwa: Eyona misebenzi ifunwa kakhulu eAfrika

Ewe, ukuguqula uvavanyo kwaye uphumelele kwixesha elide, inkuthazo yakho, ubukhali bakho kunye nezakhono zakho zobungcali ziya kwenza umahluko. Zibekele usukelo olusengqiqweni, Yamkela intengiso esebenzayo kwaye uqhubeke uzifundisa.

Enkosi kwiingcebiso ezininzi kunye nezenzo ezilungileyo ekwabelwana ngazo kweli nqaku, unazo zonke izitshixo zokuqalisa umsebenzi wakho wokuzirhweba kwaye phuhlisa ngempumelelo.

Kuxhomekeke kuwe ngoku ukuba ube nesibindi kwaye uyile ukufezekisa iprojekthi yakho yobuchwephesha ngokwakho! I-adventure enomdla yoshishino lwaseSenegal ikulindile.

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NdinguGqirha kwezeMali kunye neNgcali kwezeMali yamaSilamsi. Umcebisi wezoShishino, ndikwanguTitshala-uPhando kwiziko eliPhezulu lezoRhwebo noLawulo, eBamenda weYunivesithi. Umseki weQela Finance de Demain kunye nombhali weencwadi ezininzi kunye namanqaku enzululwazi.